Activity Schedules for Children with Autism
Teaching Independent Behavior, Second EditionLynn E. McClannahan, Ph.D., & Patricia J. Krantz, Ph.D.
Like the bestselling first edition, this new edition of Activity Schedules will show thousands of parents and service providers how to use this teaching tool to help children and adults successfully engage in self-directed and purposeful activities.
Activity schedules are a set of pictures or words that cue a child to follow a sequence of steps. Based on ABA methods, learners are taught using a system of graduated guidance–physical prompts systematically faded as performance increases. Once the individual has mastered their use, he or she can independently follow a schedule to engage in activities at home, at school, and during leisure time. For example, activity schedules can cue an individual to prepare food with minimal assistance, interact with classmates, and complete a puzzle.
Based on over 20 years of research the authors have conducted at the Princeton Child Development Institute, the second edition discusses the latest research that points to positive outcomes from using activity schedules, including better self-management, decreased problem behaviors, and skill generalization, among other findings. The new edition includes:
* How to use activity schedules to organize all aspects of a person’s daily activities, and increase engagement, task completion, making appropriate choices, and sequencing activities
* An expanded section on the use of activity schedules by adults, describing how they are used at home and in the workplace and via iPods and Blackberries
* How to use activity schedules to promote social interaction and to teach children to point to and show objects to others in order to share a social experience
Detailed instructions and examples help parents prepare their child’s first schedule, then progress to more varied and sophisticated schedules, leading to greater independence.
Teaching Conversation to Children with Autism
Scripts and Script FadingLynn E. McClannahan, Ph.D., & Patricia J. Krantz, Ph.D.
Teaching Conversation to Children with Autism describes scripts that parents and teachers can use to help children learn to initiate conversation, thereby improving communication. Drs. McClannahan and Krantz – authors of Activity Schedules for Children with Autism – have successfully used scripts and script-fading techniques based on their clinical observations and research, and founded on applied behavior analysis principles.
The authors begin by thoroughly explaining the script and script-fading processes and include many examples to support the instructions. A script is an audiotaped or written word, phrase, or sentence that often reflects the child’s preferences and interests. For very young children and nonreaders, scripts are paired with pictures of desired objects or activities.
The process starts when a child engages in conversation with an interaction partner by reading a script or playing it on an audio card reader to start the conversation (e.g., “I like yogurt”). The partner supports the conversation with a response (e.g., “Yogurt is good,” or “You had yogurt for lunch”). After the child masters a few scripts, the script-fading process begins. The last word of the script is removed, then the next to last, and so on, until the script is absent. After scripts have been introduced and faded, many children learn to spontaneously initiate and pursue social interaction.
Teach Conversation to Children with Autism also covers:
* Prompts and rewards
* Observing, evaluating, and measuring results
* Activity schedules, card readers, and voice recorders
* Conversation activities
* Scripts for readers and nonreaders
Teaching Conversation to Children with Autism demonstrates that scripts are a valuable tool to improve interaction for children and even adolescents and adults. Use scripts at home, in school, in the workplace, and in the community.
(This link will bring you to the WoodbineHouse publishers site.)
5 1/2″ x 8 1/2″
(This link will bring you to the WoodbineHouse publishers site.)isbn# 1-890627-32-1 ◊
5 1⁄2″ x 8 1⁄2″
20 photos, 10 charts & data sh